R. Edward Earll (August 24, 1853 – March 19, 1896)   was an American ichthyologist and museum curator .
Earll was born on August 23, 1853 in Waukegan, Lake County, Illinois to Robert Cunningham Earll. In 1877 he graduated from Northwestern University . Subsequently, he began work on the United States Fish Commission as a fish culturist -which he retained for a year-and-then became a member of the Commission. Beginning from 1879 to 1882 he worked for Tenth United States Census , at which he collected data and statistics for fisheries in Middle Atlantic , New England , and Southern states . He was a member of the Commission for the London International Fisheries ExhibitionWhen he returned in 1883. He Was appointed as Chief of the Division for the Fisheries of Fish Commission and received an honorary curator position in the United States National Museum . He was an editor of the exhibition for the Smithsonian Institution and National Museum in 1888. He was an editor of the proceedings and of the Bulletin of the Museum , a position that he kept from 1893 to 1896. 
- List of Northwestern University alumni
- Jump up^ Ancestry.com. US, Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current (database on-line). Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012.
- Jump up^ Ancestry.com. US, Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications, 1889-1970 (database on-line). Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.
- Jump up^ “Biography” . Smithsonian Institution Archives . Retrieved April 21, 2012 .