Huilua Fishpond

Huilua Fishpond , Ahupua ‘ s O Kahana State Park on Windward O’ahu , is one of the few surviving ancient Hawaiian fishponds that were still operating well into the 20th century. [3] It was declared a US National Historic Landmark in 1962, shortly after it was severely damaged by the 1960 tsunami . [4] It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on L: December 29, 1962. [1]

The fishpond may have started as a sandbar where the ocean currents puts the stream mouth. A 500-foot (150 m) permeable rock seawall (called kuapā in Hawaiian ) was added along the shoreline to enclose about 7 acres (28,000 m 2 ) of fertile brackish water . The wall was about 4 feet (1.2 m) wide and stood about 4 feet (1.2 m) above high tide, with two lashed-pole gates (called mākāhā ) The name Huilua, which can be translated ‘join-twice’, may refer to the two gates. The favorite type of fish in the pond were ‘ ama ‘ ama ( mullet), which reproduce in the ocean but can live in fresh, brackish, or salt water. [4]

Many Hawaiian fishponds were built about 400 to 600 years ago. They were especially numerous in large expanses of shallow sea, such as Kāne’ohe Bay and Pearl Harbor . Each fishpond had a pondkeeper ( kia ‘ i loko ) who lived nearby and oversaw its maintenance. Sam Pua Ha ‘ aheo was the pondkeeper for Huilua from 1924, just after the 1923 tsunami, until 1946, when another tsunami hit. The fishpond suffered further tsunami damage in 1957 and 1960 . The most recent restoration work began in 1993 as a cooperative project between the State Park Service and Friends of Kahana, an organization of local residents.[4]


  1. ^ Jump up to:b National Park Service (2007-01-23). “National Register Information System” . National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service.
  2. Jump up^ “Huilua Fishpond” . National Historic Landmark summary listing . National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2007-03-01 . Retrieved 2008-06-21 .
  3. Jump up^ “Ahupua’a ‘o Kahana State Park” (PDF) . State of Hawaii, DLNR. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 September 2010 . Retrieved 25 March 2012 .
  4. ^ Jump up to:c “State of Hawai’i: Huilua Fishpond” (PDF) . Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-09-25 . Retrieved 2010-01-03

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