Fred Mather

Fred Mather (January 2, 1833, in Albany, New York [1] – February 14, 1900 [1] ) was a United States fish culture writer and editor on fishing topics.

Life and career

In 1854 he became interested in the lead mines of Potosi, Wisconsin , and afterward hunted and trapped in the Bad Axis country in that state. Here he learned enough of the Chippewa language to become a Minnesota interpreter . During the political troubles in Kansas he served under General James Lane , and was one of Jennison’s “Jayhawkers.” He enlisted in the 113th New York regiment in 1862, and became 1st lieutenant two years later. At the close of the American Civil War , he took a job in the stock yards near Albany.

In 1868 he bought a farm at Honeoye Falls, New York , and began to hatch fish of various kinds. When the US Fish Commission was formed in 1872 he was felt by Professor Spencer F. Baird to hatch shad for the Potomac River . In 1875 he established hatcheries at Lexington and Blacksburg for the state of Virginia . A year earlier he had hatched the first sea ​​bass and graylings .

After several attempts to transport salmon eggs to Europe , he was a refrigerator box, and in 1875 succeeded in carrying eggs to Germany . He also, at the same time, invented a conical hatching apparatus, by which, through the admission of water, the hatch and other eggs were hatched in bulk instead of in layers or floating boxes. In 1884 he hatched the adhesive eggs of the smelt , ALTHOUGH all previous Attempts HAD beens failures.

He was sent several times by the US government in connection with fish culture, and he received many scientific and other reports from Europe. In 1877 he became a fisherman editor of The Field in Chicago , and from 1880 he held a position with Forest and Stream in New York City . In 1882 he was sent by Professor Baird to Roslyn , Long Island , to hatch salmon for the Hudson River . In 1883 he was appointed superintendent of the New York Fish Commission station at Cold Spring Harbor , Long Island. Here the hatching of lobsters , codfish, and other marine forms was begun.

He published Ichthyology of the Adirondacks (1885), which described several fishes previously unknown.


  1. ^ Jump up to:b “Subjects of Biographies”. Dictionary of American Biography . Comprehensive Index. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sounds . 1990.


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication in the public domain : Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1900). ” Mather, Fred “. Appletons’ Cyclopædia of American Biography . New York: D. Appleton.

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