A fish pond , gold fishpond , is a controlled pond , artificial lake , gold tank That is stocked with fish and is used in aquaculture for fish farming , gold is used for recreational fishing gold ornamental for practical purposes. In the medieval European era it was typical for monasteries and castles (small, partly self-sufficient communities) to have a fish pond.
Records of fish ponds being used in the early ages. “The idealized eighth-century estate of Charlemagne’s capitulary of villi has been artificially maintained, but it is still very rare, even on monastic estates.”  As the middle ages progressed, fish ponds became more common feature of urbanizing environments.  This meant the people who had access to these pastures. However, fish ponds have been difficult to maintain. They have been a marker of power and authority, since they have only been able to maintain them. During the winter, supplying fresh food for a castle has been a constant struggle. Noble had access to meat from deer parks, but this did not supply the needs of all households. Though fish ponds service required by the community to keep ’em healthy,  They Were an elegant way of giving monasteries and noble houses access to fresh fish. Some of the more popular species of fish farmed in fish ponds were carp and pike . From the 14th century onward this fish is a popular feature of artificial fish stocks. 
Fish ponds are used today in aquaculture. They are common in:
- Europe , especially in the Czech Republic ( Rožmberk Pond , Velké Dářko , Lake Mácha ), where common carp can be kept.
- The Philippines where milkfish , tilapia , crabs, lobsters, tiger shrimp , and other snails can be kept.
- East Asia , especially in Japan with koi , trout , and white crucian carp .
Fish ponds are also being promoted in developing countries . They provide a source of food and income for fish farmers and can also provide irrigation and water for livestock. 
- Ancient Hawaiian aquaculture
- Garden pond
- Kahaluu Fish Pond
- Koi pond
- Raceway (aquaculture)
- Raceway pond
- Sea cage
- Stew pond
- Water garden
- ^ Jump up to:a b c d e Hoffmann, Richard C. (1996) “Economic Development and Aquatic Ecosystems in Medieval Europe.” The American Historical Review , 101 (3): 631-669. doi : 10.2307 / 2169418
- Jump up^ FAOFarm ponds for water, fish and livelihoodsFAO, Rome, 2009
Hoffmann, Richard C. “Economic Development and Aquatic Ecosystems in Medieval Europe.” The American Historical Review, vol. 101, no. 3, 1996, pp. 631-669., Www.jstor.org/stable/2169418.
- Aston M (1998) Medieval fish, fish and fishponds in England Volumes 1-2. BAR ISBN 978-0-86054-509-5 .
- Chattopadhyay GN (1998) Chemical Analysis of Fish Soil Pond and Water Daya Publishing House. ISBN 978-81-7035-177-1 .
- Compton LV (1943) Techniques of fishpond management US Dept. of Agriculture.
- Delincé G (1992) The ecology of the pond pond ecosystem Kluwer Academic Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7923-1628-2 .
- Farber JM (1997) Ancient Hawaiian fishponds: Can restoration succeed on Moloka’i? Neptune House Publications. ISBN 978-0-9659782-0-0 .
- Gopalakrishnan V and Coche AG (1994) Handbook on small-scale freshwater fish farming Training Series No. 24, FAO , Rome. ISBN 92-5-103163-0 .
- Hoare J (1870) A treatise on fishponds, addressed to the nobility and gentry of Sussex Wyman & sounds, original from Harvard University.
- IUCN (1997) Fishing for a living: the ecology and economics of fishponds in Central Europe ISBN 978-2-8317-0386-2 .
- FAO (1996) Simple Methods for Aquaculture: Management for Freshwater Fish Culture: Ponds and Water Practices Training Series No. 21/1, Rome.
- FAO (1995) Simple Methods for Aquaculture: Pond Construction for Freshwater Fish Culture: FAO Building Earthen Ponds Training Series No. 20/1, Rome.
- FAO (1992) Simple Methods for Aquaculture: Pond Construction for Freshwater Fish Culture: Pond-Farm Structures and Layouts FAO Training Series No. 20/2, Rome.
- FAO (1989) Simple methods for aquaculture: Topography: Making topographical surveys for freshwater fish culture Training Series No. 16/2, Rome.
- FAO (1981) Simple methods for aquaculture. Water for freshwater fish culture No.4 Training Series, Rome.