Catla ( Gibelion catla ), also known as the major (Indian) carp, is an economically important South Asian freshwater fish in the carp family Cyprinidae . It is native to rivers and lakes in northern India , Nepal , Myanmar , Bangladesh , and Pakistan , drank aussi beens HAS Introduced elsewhere in South Asia and is Commonly farmed . [1] [2]

Catla is a fish with large and broad head, a large protruding lower jaw, and upturned mouth. It has large, gray scales on its dorsal side and whitish on its belly. It reaches up to 182 cm (6.0 ft) in length and 38.6 kg (85 lb) in weight. [2]

Catla is a surface and midwater feeder. Zooplankton using large gill rakers, but young ones on both zooplankton and phytoplankton. Catla attains sexual maturity at an average age of two years and an average weight of 2 kg.


The catla was originally listed in the genus Catla , but this was synonymous with the genus Gibelion . [1] [2] More recently, Catalog of Fishes has moved this species to Labeo . [3]


It is one of the most important aquacultured freshwater species in South Asia . [4] [5] It is grown in polyculture with carp-like fishes, particularly with the roho labeo and mrigal carp . The reported production numbers increased during the 2000s, and were in 2012 about 2.8 million tonnes per year. [6]

Catla is sold and consumed fresh, locally and regionally. It is transported on ice. Fish of 1-2 kg weight are preferred by the consumers. [6]


  1. ^ Jump up to:c Tenzin, K. (2010). ” Gibelion catla ” . IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017.1 . International Union for Conservation of Nature . Retrieved 13 September 2017 .
  2. ^ Jump up to:c Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2017). ” Gibelion catla ” in FishBase . September 2017 version.
  3. Jump up^ Eschmeyer W (2014)Cyprinus catlaCAS Catalog of Fishes
  4.  Catana catla (Hamilton, 1822) up ^ Food and Aquaculture Organization of the United Nations
  5. Jump up^ Development of freshwater fish farming and alleviation – A case study from Bangladesh
  6. ^ Jump up to:b Catla catla (Hamilton, 1822) FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, Cultured Aquatic Species Information Program

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