Fisheries Law Center

The Fisheries Law Center (FLC) is a non-profit grassroots research center headquartered in Vancouver, British Columbia , Canada. Although FLC is based in Canada, its outreach is global with researchers located in many countries around the world. FLC’s mandate is to ensure that it is able to provide services to the public, to help protect the environment , to help communities become more resilient, and to assist consumers in accessing safe and sustainable education, education, and legal representation. The FLC family is highly committed to environmental, social, and economic justice . Continue reading “Fisheries Law Center”

Data storage tag

data storage tag (DST), also known as an archival tag , is a data logger that uses sensors to record data. Data storage tags usually have a large memory size and a long lifetime. Most archival tags are supported by the world. Permitted some tags are solar powered and allow the scientist to set their own interval; this battery can be used for significantly longer than battery-only powered tags. Continue reading “Data storage tag”

Villy Christensen

Villy Christensen is an ecosystem model with a background in fisheries science . He is known for his work as a project leader and core developer of Ecopath , an ecosystem modeling software widely used in fisheries management . [1] Ecopath was originally an initiative of the NOAA , but was originally developed at the UBC Fisheries Center of the University of British Columbia . In 2007, it was named as one of the biggest scientific breakthroughs in NOAA’s 200-year history. The citation states that Ecopath “revolutionized scientists’ ability worldwide to understand complex marine ecosystems”. [2]

RV Calypso

RV Calypso is a British Royal Navy minesweeper converted into a research vessel for the oceanographic researcher Jacques-Yves Cousteau , with a mobile laboratory for underwater field research. It was severely damaged in 1996, and was planned to undergo a complete refurbishment in 2009-2011. The ship is named after the Greek mythological figure Calypso . Continue reading “RV Calypso”

Bioeconomics (fisheries)

Bioeconomics is étroitement related to the early development of theories in fisheries economics, INITIALLY in the mid-1950s by Canadian Economists Scott Gordon (in 1954) [1] and Anthony Scott (1955). Their ideas used recent achievements in biological fisheries modeling, Primarily the works by Schaefer (1957) we Establishing a formal relationship entre fishing activities and biological growth through mathematical modeling confirmed by empirical studies, and aussi porte Itself to ecology and the environment and resource protection. [2] Continue reading “Bioeconomics (fisheries)”

Ray Beverton

Raymond (Ray) John Heaphy Beverton , CBE , FRS [1] (29 August 1922 – 23 July 1995) was an important founder of fisheries science . He is best known for the book on the Dynamics of Exploited Fish Populations [2] (1957) which he wrote with Sidney Holt . The book is a cornerstone of modern fisheries science and remains much used today. Beverton’s life and achievements are described in several forms by prominent figures in fisheries science. [1] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] Continue reading “Ray Beverton”

Benthic area

The benthic zone is the ecological region of the lowest level of a body of water such as an ocean or a lake , including the sediment surface and some sub-surface layers. Living organisms in this area are called benthos , eg the benthic invertebrate community, including crustaceans and polychaetes . [1] The whole world is permanently attached to the bottom. The superficial layer of the soil, the benthic boundary layer, is an integral part of the benthic zone, as it greatly influences the biological activity that takes place there. Examples of touch soil layers include sand bottoms, rocky outcrops, coral , and bay mud . Continue reading “Benthic area”

Robert J. Behnke

Dr. Robert J. Behnke (December 30, 1929 – September 13, 2013) was an American fisheries biologist and conservationist who was recognized as a world authority on the classification of salmonid fishes. [3] He was popularly known as “Dr. Trout” or “The Trout Doctor”. [4] His seminal work, Trout and Salmon of North America , was published in 2002. He wrote a regular column for Trout Magazine , the quarterly publication of Trout Unlimited . He was a fisheries biologist with the US Fish and Wildlife Service in the Colorado Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit and a professor at Colorado State Universityin the 1970s. He became a Professor Emeritus at the Department of Fishery and Wildlife Biology at Colorado State University. [5] Continue reading “Robert J. Behnke”

Bachelor of Science in Aquatic Resources and Technology

The Bachelor of Science in Aquatic Resources and Technology (B.Sc in AQT) (gold Bachelor of Aquatic Resource) is an undergraduate degree Pursue That prepared students to careers in the public , private , or non-profit sector in areas Such As marine science , fisheries science , aquaculture , aquatic resource technology , food science , management , biotechnology and hydrography . Post-baccalaureate training is available in aquatic resource management and related areas. Continue reading “Bachelor of Science in Aquatic Resources and Technology”

Bachelor of Fisheries Science

The Bachelor of Fisheries Science ( BFScis a bachelor’s degree for studies in fisheries science in India. “Fisheries science” is the academic discipline of managing and understanding fisheries. It is a multidisciplinary science, which draws on the disciplines of aquaculture including breeding, genetics, biotechnology, nutrition, farming, diagnosis of diseases in fishes, other aquatic resources, medical treatment of aquatic animals; fish processing including curing, canning, freezing, value addition, byproduct and waste utilization, quality assurance and certification, fisheries microbiology, fisheries biochemistry; fisheries resource management including biology, anatomy, taxonomy, physiology, population dynamics; fisheries environment including oceanography, limnology, ecology, biodiversity, aquatic pollution; fishing technology including gear and craft engineering, navigation and seamanship, marine engines; fisheries economics and management and fisheries extension. Fisheries science is generally a 4-year course taught in a university setting, and can be the focus of an undergraduate, postgraduate or Ph.D. program. Bachelor level fisheries courses (BFSc) were started by the state agricultural technicians and technicians of the United States. Continue reading “Bachelor of Fisheries Science”

Argo (oceanography)

Argo is an international program that uses profiling floats to observe temperature , salinity , currents , and, recently, bio-optical properties in the Earth’s oceans; it has been operational since the early 2000s. The real-time data it provides is used in climate and oceanographic research. [1] [2] A special research interest is to quantify the ocean heat content (OHC). Continue reading “Argo (oceanography)”

RV Albatross III

RV Albatross III Was a fisheries research ship in commission in the United States Fish and Wildlife Service from 1948 to 1959. Prior to her career Fish and Wildlife Service, she saw Briefly Service During World War II as the United States Coast Guard patrol vessel USCGC Bellefonte (WYP-373) , in commission from April to August 1944. Continue reading “RV Albatross III”

USS Patuxent (AT-11)

The first USS Patuxent ( Fleet Tug No. 11 , later AT-11 ) Was a fleet tug in commission in the United States Navy from 1909 to 1924. She served the United States Atlantic Fleet and saw service in World War I . After the end of her Navy career, she was commissioned by the United States Bureau of Fisheries from 1926 to 1932 and the fisheries research ship Albatross II . Continue reading “USS Patuxent (AT-11)”

Age class structure

Age class structure in fisheries and wildlife management is a part of population assessment. Age class structures can be used to model many populations include trees and fish. This method can be used to predict the occurrence of forest fires within a forest population. [1] Age can be determined by counting growth rings in fish scales, otoliths , cross-sections of end spines for species with thick spines such as triggerfish, or teeth for a few species. Each method has its merits and drawbacks. Fish scales are easiest to obtain, but may be unreliable if they have fallen into the sea. Spines end may be unreliable for the same reason, and most fish do not have visible weight. Otoliths will have stayed with the fish throughout its life history. Also, otoliths often require more preparation before aging. Continue reading “Age class structure”

USNS Adventurous (T-AGOS-13)

USNS Adventurous (T-AGOS-13) Was a stalwart -class modified tactical auxiliary general ocean monitoring ship of the United States Navy in Service from 1988 to 1992. She Was in non-commissioned service in the Military Sealift Command from 1988 to 1992 operating during the last years of the Cold War . She was transferred to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in 1992 and in 2003 was commissioned to NOAAAs the fishery researches NOAAS Oscar Elton Sette (R 335) . Continue reading “USNS Adventurous (T-AGOS-13)”

Acoustic tag

Acoustic tags are small sound-emitting devices that allow the detection and / or remote control of fish in three dimensions for fisheries research. Acoustic telemetry (including acoustic tags) are commonly used to monitor the behavior of fish. Studies can be conducted in lakes , rivers , tributaries , estuaries or at sea . Acoustic tag tracking technology allows researchersto view 3D fish tracks in real-time with sub-meter resolution. Acoustic tags have been employed to help public utilities, private firms, and state and federal agencies as defined by the Federal Regulations and Oversight of Energy known as FERC . Continue reading “Acoustic tag”

Acoustic survey in fishing

Acoustic survey in fishing is one of the research methods that can detect the presence of acoustic transducers . For example, Many pelagic fisheries are very Generally scattered over a broad ocean and difficulty to detect. Thus, the survey vessel with acoustic detector emits sound waves to estimate the density of plankton and fish shoal . Generally speaking , the transducer is one of the following, which is linked to an echo sounder in the vessel which records the shoals of fish as “marks” on a screen or paper trace. Then the density and number of marks are converted into biomass. [1] Continue reading “Acoustic survey in fishing”

Raipur Fish Hatchery Training Center

Raipur Fish Hatchery and Training Center is a fish hatchery in Raipur Upazila , Lakshmipur District , Bangladesh . One of the six hand fish hatcheries in Bangladesh [1] It was the Largest hatchery in the district DURING THE Noakhali Rural Development Project Implemented During 1978 to 1992 by DANIDA , a Danish development agency. [2] One of the three Principal Scientists (PSO) of the Department of Fisheries of Bangladesh is assigned to Raipur Hatchery. It is also one of three training centers directly under the Director General of the Department, along with Fisheries Training Institute (Chandpur ) and Fisheries Training Academy in ( Dhaka ). [3] Continue reading “Raipur Fish Hatchery Training Center”

National Lobster Hatchery

The National Lobster Hatchery is a charitable organization located in Padstow , England . The hatchery was opened in August 2000 and is located on South Quay in Padstow , Cornwall . The organization is a marine conservation, research and education charity that focuses its efforts on the European lobster . It exists to serve the coastal fishing communities of Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly . The hatchery consists of a visitor center, a shop and conference facility, as well as various culture spaces, laboratories and technical facilities. Continue reading “National Lobster Hatchery”

Vertical farming

Vertical farming is the practice of producing food and medicine in vertically stacked layers, vertically inclined surfaces and / or integrated in other structures (such as in a skyscraper, used warehouse, or shipping container). The modern ideas of vertical farming techniques and controlled-environment farming (CEA) technology, where all environmental factors can be controlled. These facilities use artificial control of light, environmental control (humidity, temperature, gases …) and fertigation . Some of the most common uses of greenhouses , where natural sunlight can be augmented with artificial lighting and metal reflectors. [1] [2] [3] Continue reading “Vertical farming”

Marshall McDonald

Marshall McDonald (October 18, 1835 – September 1, 1895) was an American engineer , geologist , mineralogist , pisciculturist , and fisheries scientist . McDonald served as the commissioner of the United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries from 1888 until his death in 1895. He is best known for his inventions of a number of fish hatching devices and a fish ladder that enabled salmon and other migrating fish species to ascend the rapids of watercoursesresulting in an increased spawning ground. McDonald’s Administration of the US Fish and Wildlife Commission is one of the most controversial species in the United States. [1] [2] Continue reading “Marshall McDonald”

Seth Green (fish farming)

Seth Green (March 19, 1817 – August 18, 1888) Was an American pioneer in fish farming ( pisciculture and aquaculture ). He established the first fish hatchery in Caledonia , New York. He was also a successful commercial fisherman, operating a large and profitable fish and game market in Rochester, New York , and fishing in Lake Ontario. Continue reading “Seth Green (fish farming)”

Fish pond

fish pond , gold fishpond , is a controlled pond , artificial lake , gold tank That is stocked with fish and is used in aquaculture for fish farming , gold is used for recreational fishing gold ornamental for practical purposes. In the medieval European era it was typical for monasteries and castles (small, partly self-sufficient communities) to have a fish pond. Continue reading “Fish pond”

Molii Fishpond

Moli ‘ i Fishpond is located southeast of Kamehameha Highway between Kualoa and Johnson Roads, near Kaneohe , on the island of Oahu , in the US state of Hawaii . The pond encompasses 125 acres (50.59 ha , 0.20 sq mi ) The local is part of the ahupuaa (land division) of Hakipuu . The Molii pond is part of Kualoa Ranch . Tilapia , mullet and me are found in the pond. Commercial fishing operations are contracted out. [2] Continue reading “Molii Fishpond”

Kalepolepo Fishpond

Kalepolepo Fishpond , Known by ict older name Ko ‘ ie ‘ i.e. Loko I ‘ was , is an ancient Hawaiian fishpond Estimated to-have-been built entre 1400-1500 AD. The fishpond is located in Kalepolepo Park in Kīhei on the island of Maui . In 1996, the ‘ Ao ‘ ao O Na Loka I ‘ a Maui O (Association of the Fishponds of Maui) began renovating Ko ‘ ie ‘ i.e., working closely with the Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary . [2] Continue reading “Kalepolepo Fishpond”

Kahaluu Fish Pond

Kahalu ‘ u Fishpond , historically known as Kahouna Fishpond , on Kāne ‘ ohe Bay in windward O’ahu , is one of only four surviving ancient Hawaiian fishponds on O ‘ ahu that were still in use in the 20th century. In the previous century there were at least 100 such fishponds around the island. Kahouna was in use until about 1960 and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973, [2] after which it would be destroyed by development. [3] The Kahaluu Taro Lo’i Historic District was also added to the National Register at that time. Continue reading “Kahaluu Fish Pond”

Huilua Fishpond

Huilua Fishpond , Ahupua ‘ s O Kahana State Park on Windward O’ahu , is one of the few surviving ancient Hawaiian fishponds that were still operating well into the 20th century. [3] It was declared a US National Historic Landmark in 1962, shortly after it was severely damaged by the 1960 tsunami . [4] It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on L: December 29, 1962. [1] Continue reading “Huilua Fishpond”

Spanish Bank of Algae

The Spanish Bank of Algae (BEA-Banco Español de Algas) is a national R & D service attached to the Marine Biotechnology Center (CBM-Centro de Biotecnología Marina) of the University of Gran Canaria (ULPGC), which objectives are the insulation , identification, characterization, conservation and provisioning of microalgae and cyanobacteria . It is known to the National Bank of Algae (BNA). Continue reading “Spanish Bank of Algae”

SERI microalgae culture collection

The SERI microalgae culture collection was a collection from the Department of Energy’s Aquatic Species Program Cataloged at the Solar Energy Research Institute located in Golden, Colorado . The Aquatic Species Program ended in 1996 after its funding was cut, to which point its microalgae collection was moved to the University of Hawaii. In 1998 the University of Hawaii, partnered with the University of California at Berkeley, received a grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF), for their proposal to develop commercial, medical, and industrial uses of microalgae, as well as more efficient techniques for cultivation. This grant was used to form Marine Bioproduct Engineering Center (MarBEC), a facility operating within the University of Hawaii at Manoa, but connected to corporate interests. Continue reading “SERI microalgae culture collection”

Seaweed farming

Seaweed farming is the practice of growing and harvesting seaweed . In its simplest form, it consists of the management of naturally found batches. In its most advanced form, it consists of fully controlling the life cycle of the algae. The main food species grown by aquaculture in Japan, China and Korea include Gelidium , Pterocladia , [1] Porphyra , [2]and Laminaria . [3]Seaweed farming has been developed as an alternative to improve economic conditions and to reduce fishing pressure and over exploited fisheries. Seaweeds have been harvested throughout the world as a food source and export product for production of agar and carrageenan products. [4] Continue reading “Seaweed farming”


photobioreactor is a bioreactor that uses a light source to cultivate phototrophic microorganisms. [1] These organisms use photosynthesis to generate biomass from light and carbon dioxide and include plants, mosses , macroalgae, microalgae , cyanobacteria and purple bacteria. Within the context of a photobioreactor, specific conditions are carefully controlled for respective species. Thus, a photobioreactor permits much higher growth rates and purity levels than anywhere in nature or habitats similar to nature. Hypothetically, phototropic biomass could be derived from nutrient-rich wastewater and flue gas carbon dioxide in a photobioreactor. Continue reading “photobioreactor”

Christopher Hills

Christopher Hills (April 9, 1926 – January 31, 1997) was an English-born author, philosopher, and scientist, popularly described as “Father of Spirulina” [1] for popularizing spirulina cyanobacteria as a food supplement. He also wrote 30 books on consciousness, meditation , yoga and spiritual evolution, divining , world government , aquaculture , and personal health. Continue reading “Christopher Hills”

Chu 13

CHU 13 medium is a culture medium used in microbiology for the growth of certain algal species, first published by Chu SP in 1942. [1] It is used as growth medium for biofuel candidate alga Botryococcus braunii . [2] CHU 13 includes essential minerals and trace elements that are required for growth, but does not include a carbon source and is only appropriate for growth of phototrophs . It can be prepared as a medium or medium agar medium. Continue reading “Chu 13”

Biological hydrogen production (algae)

The biological hydrogen generation with algae is a method of splitting water Photobiological qui is done in a closed photobioreactor based on the generation of hydrogen as a solar fuel by algae . [1] [2] Algae produce hydrogen under certain conditions. In 2000 it was discovered that C. reinhardtii algae are deprived of sulfur in the production of oxygen , as in normal photosynthesis , to the production of hydrogen. [3] [4] [5] Continue reading “Biological hydrogen production (algae)”

Algal nutrient solution

Algal nutrient solutions are made of a mixture of chemical salts and water. Nutritional solutions, along with carbon dioxide and light, provide the materials needed for growing to. Nutrient solutions, as opposed to fertilizers, are designed specifically for use in aquatic environments and their composition is much more accurate. Continue reading “Algal nutrient solution”

Aquaculture in Vanuatu

Aquaculture in Vanuatu exists on a small scale, both commercially and privately. Several aquacultural efforts have been made in the country, such as Pacific oyster , rabbitfish , Malaysian prawn , and tilapia . Experiments withKappaphycus alvarezii and three species of giant clam were carried out by the Fisheries Department in 1999. The official Fisheries Department records state that $ 1165 US in 2000, with 275 pieces in total. [1] The cultivation ofMacrobrachium lar in taro terracesis practiced for subsistence purposes, and Macrobrachium rosenbergii has been identified by the Vanuatu government as a high-priority species. [2] Continue reading “Aquaculture in Vanuatu”

Aquaculture in South Korea

South Korea occupies the southern portion of the Korean peninsula. The total land mass of the country is 98,480 km 2 usable land is only 20% of the total and thus the population is concentrated around the coast. [2] [3] The Korean Peninsula is surrounded by the East, West and South Seas, a coast-line that extends for about 2,413 km. Endowed with an abundance of fisheries resources, 48.1 kg in 2005. [2] Continue reading “Aquaculture in South Korea”

Aquaculture in Samoa

Aquaculture in Samoa is hampered because of the limited number of sizable freshwater bodies in the country, many underwater aquaculture projects are underway. [1] There have been several attempts to introduce tilapiacultivation, however these have been unsuccessful due to the difficulty of catching adult tilapia. [2] The Samoa National Aquaculture Workshop, a workshop aimed at developing a national industry plan by seeking partnerships with stakeholders, convened in December 2004. [3] Continue reading “Aquaculture in Samoa”

Aquaculture in Papua New Guinea

Aquaculture in Papua New Guinea is a developing industry, despite having been first introduced to the country in the 1960s. [1] The only forms of traditional aquaculture in the area are clam culture on Manus Island and fish culture on Bougainville Island . [2] Numerous attempts to introduce both marine and freshwater aquaculture in Papua New Guinea have been unsuccessful. [2] Currently, the main freshwater facility for aquaculture is the Highlands Aquaculture Development Center in Aiyura . [3] Continue reading “Aquaculture in Papua New Guinea”

Aquaculture in Palau

Aquaculture in Palau is well-developed commercially, contributing to the country’s economy . [1] The Palau government has recognized that a great potential for aquacultural pursuits in the area, and released an Aquaculture and Fisheries Action Plan in June 2008 in order to suggest how this potential might be realized. [2] Belau Aquaculture is the only company in the region growing ornamental sponges . [3] Continue reading “Aquaculture in Palau”

Aquaculture in Nauru

Aquaculture in Nauru has-been much Practiced along than aquaculture in Any Other Pacific Islands country, the country’s milkfish industry predating touch with Europe. [1] The only area in Nauru deemed capable of supporting aquaculture by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations is Buada Lagoon . [2] Continue reading “Aquaculture in Nauru”

Aquaculture in the Marshall Islands

Aquaculture in the Marshall Islands is-governed by the Marshall Islands Marine Resources Authority. [1] A hatchery for giant clams has been established by the national government in Likiep Atoll , and at least one other clam farm in Mili Atoll . [2] At the CSD-16 Partnerships Fair in 2008, Erik Hagberg suggests that Holothuroidea cultivation is a viable option for developing aquaculture in the country. [3] Continue reading “Aquaculture in the Marshall Islands”

Aquaculture in Madagascar

Aquaculture started to take off in Madagascar in the 1980s. The majority of Aquaculture in Madagascar includes the cultivation of sea ​​cucumber , seaweed , fish and shrimp . Aquaculture in Madagascar is being used to stimulate the world economy, increase the wages of fishermen and women in the area and improve the ocean water quality. Coastal regions of Madagascar are connected to the Indian Ocean’s marine resources as a source of food, income, and cultural identity. [1]Madagascar is the fourth-largest island in the world and consists of smaller islands. Madagascar is considered to be a biodiversity hotspot. Over 90 percent of its wildlife is not found anywhere else on Earth. In the Velondriake, a locally administered area (LMMA) in southwest Madagascar, laws of the United States, created by an official governing body, made up of 25 villages, called ‘dina’, to combat environmental degradation. This LMMA includes coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass beds, baobab forests and other threatened habitats. [2] [3] The Vezo, literally meaning ‘people who fish’ in the Malagasy language of the region, [4]are among Madagascar’s poorest. Making environmentally conscious efforts to boost the economy and raise incomes are top priorities for the LMMA. Continue reading “Aquaculture in Madagascar”

Aquaculture in Fiji

Aquaculture in Fiji has been developed on a large scale, the milkfish being the only species cultured widely. [1] A Fijian prawn farm aimed to produce 25 tons of Penaeidae in 1990, but did not make it to the halfway mark in their goal. [2] Most aquaculture endeavors in the field of high-value cultivation for commercial export, however the country has not been able to compete with the aquaculture industry in Southeast Asia . [3] Continue reading “Aquaculture in Fiji”

Aquaculture in the Federated States of Micronesia

Aquaculture in the Federated States of Micronesia includes the cultivation of giant clams [1] and sponges . [2] The FSM government has explored aquaculture as a possible method of stimulating the national economy and increasing the number of jobs among the nation’s populace. [3] Continue reading “Aquaculture in the Federated States of Micronesia”

Aquaculture in East Timor

Aquaculture in East Timor is not a large industry; HOWEVER, World Vision HAS year Expressed interest in organizing aquaculture development projects in the country in order to help Those Who Suffer Food Shortages in the upland areas. [1] Research Demonstrated That HAS East Timor has great potential for Both fresh- and salt-water aquaculture, Including microphyte production. [2] Continue reading “Aquaculture in East Timor”

Aquaculture in Chile

Aquaculture is a major economic activity in Chile . Among the various aquacultures practiced in Chile Atlantic salmon aquaculture is overwhelmingly the largest sector. Until 2007 Chile experienced over 15 years in huge growth in its salmon aquaculture, becoming the second largest salmon and trout producer after Norway . [1] [2] By 2006 Chile contributed with 38% of the world’s salmon volume just behind Norway that produced 39% of it. [1] In 2006, Chilean Aquaculture was the third largest producer, accounting for 3.9% of Chilean exports behind copper and molybdenum .[1] Continue reading “Aquaculture in Chile”

Aquaculture in Canada


Aquaculture is the farming of fish , shellfish or aquatic plants in either fresh or saltwater, or both. [1] The farmed animals or plants are cared for under a controlled environment to ensure optimum growth, success and profit . When They Have atteint year Appropriate size (Often ounce They reach maturity ), They Are harvested, processed, and shipped to markets to be sold. [2] Aquaculture is practiced in China, where the population is high stakes and part of their everyday diet. Continue reading “Aquaculture in Canada”

Aquaculture in Australia

Aquaculture in Australia is the country’s fastest growing primary industry, accounting for 34% of the total gross value of seafood production. [1] 10 species of fish are farmed in Australia, and production is dominated by southern bluefin tuna , Atlantic salmon and barramundi . [2] Mud crabs have also been cultivated in Australia for many years, sometimes leading to over-exploitation . [3] Traditionally, this aquaculture was limited to pearls, but since the early 1970s, including finfish , crustaceans , and molluscs . [4] Continue reading “Aquaculture in Australia”

Intensive animal farming

Intensive animal farming or industrial livestock production , which is colloquially known as a farming operation , is a production approach towards farm animals in order to maximize production output, while minimizing production costs. [1] Intensive farming Refers to animal husbandry , the keeping of livestock Such As cattle , poultry , and fish at Higher stocking densified than is usually the case with other forms of agriculture-animal practice is typical in industrial farming by agribusinesses . [2] [3] [4][5] [6] The main products of this industry are meat , milk and eggs for human consumption. [7] There are issues relating to whether or not farming is sustainable or ethical . [8] Continue reading “Intensive animal farming”

Fisheries science

Fisheries is the academic discipline of managing and understanding fisheries . It is a multidisciplinary science, which draws on the disciplines of limnology , oceanography , freshwater biology , marine biology , conservation , ecology , population dynamics , economics and management to attempt to provide an integrated picture of fisheries. In some cases new disciplines have emerged, as in the case of bioeconomics and fisheries law . Continue reading “Fisheries science”

Copper alloys in aquaculture

Copper alloys are significant netting materials in aquaculture (the farming of aquatic organisms Including fish farming ). Various other materials including nylon , polyester , polypropylene , polyethylene , plastic-coated welded wire , rubber , patented twine products (Spectra, Dyneema), and galvanized steel are also used for netting in aquarium fish enclosures around the world. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]All of these materials are selected for a variety of reasons, including design feasibility, material strength , cost, and corrosion resistance . Continue reading “Copper alloys in aquaculture”


Agroecology is the study of ecological processes applied to agricultural production systems. The prefix agro- refers to agriculture . Bringing ecological principles to bear in agriecosystems can suggest novel management approaches that would not otherwise be considered. The term is often used imprecisely and may refer to “a science, a movement, [or] a practice”. [1] Agroecologists study a variety of agroecosystems, and the field of agroecology is not associated with any one particular method of farming , whether it be organic , integrated , or conventional .intensive or extensive farming. [2] Continue reading “Agroecology”

Yellowhead disease

Yellowhead disease (YHD) is a viral infection of shrimp and prawn , in particular of the giant tiger prawn ( Penaeus monodon ), one of the major species of farmed shrimp . The disease is highly lethal and contagious, killing shrimp quickly. Outbreaks of this disease have been reported in P. monodon , ie, particularly Southeast Asian farms. In Thai , the disease is called Hua leung . [1] Continue reading “Yellowhead disease”

White spot syndrome

White spot syndrome virus is the lone virus (types and species) of the genus Whispovirus ( whi te spo t), qui is the only genus in the family Nimaviridae . It is responsible for the treatment of white spot in a wide range of crustacean hosts. [1] White spot syndrome (WSS) is a viral infection of penaeid shrimp . The disease is highly lethal and contagious, killing shrimps quickly. Outbreaks of this disease have spread to many people worldwide . Continue reading “White spot syndrome”