Bachelor of Fisheries Science

The Bachelor of Fisheries Science ( BFScis a bachelor’s degree for studies in fisheries science in India. “Fisheries science” is the academic discipline of managing and understanding fisheries. It is a multidisciplinary science, which draws on the disciplines of aquaculture including breeding, genetics, biotechnology, nutrition, farming, diagnosis of diseases in fishes, other aquatic resources, medical treatment of aquatic animals; fish processing including curing, canning, freezing, value addition, byproduct and waste utilization, quality assurance and certification, fisheries microbiology, fisheries biochemistry; fisheries resource management including biology, anatomy, taxonomy, physiology, population dynamics; fisheries environment including oceanography, limnology, ecology, biodiversity, aquatic pollution; fishing technology including gear and craft engineering, navigation and seamanship, marine engines; fisheries economics and management and fisheries extension. Fisheries science is generally a 4-year course taught in a university setting, and can be the focus of an undergraduate, postgraduate or Ph.D. program. Bachelor level fisheries courses (BFSc) were started by the state agricultural technicians and technicians of the United States.


History

Fisheries Education in India, started with the establishment of the Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai in 1961 for the establishment of the first Fisheries and Mangalore under the State Agricultural University (SAU) system in 1969, has grown manifold Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral programs in various branches of Fisheries Science. At present, 21 Fisheries Colleges offer four-year degree program in Bachelor of Fisheries Science (BFSc), while 10 of them offer Master of Fisheries Science ( MFSc) in various disciplines and 6 offers Doctoral programs. The undergraduate curricula and syllabi were periodically revised by ICAR for a common syllabus. All the Fisheries Colleges are in the process of adapting these, bringing in parities of standards between Colleges.

Eligibility

The eligibility for these courses is the study of science till class 12 in school. As the degree in Fisheries Science is a science degree, one needs to-have Studied biology with science till class 12. Selection process is Either through state level entrance examination gold through all India level ICAR ( Indian Council of Agricultural Research ) examination. After completion of BFSc candidates can go for MFSc and PhD.

Colleges awarding Bachelor’s degree (BFSc) and Master ( MFSc ) degrees in the field of fisheries and conducting various training programs and diploma and certificate courses in fisheries.

No. College Name leasing affiliation Is D
1 College of Fisheries Mangalore , Karnataka Karnataka Veterinary Animal and Fisheries Sciences University 1969
2 Fisheries College and Research Institute Thoothukudi , Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Fisheries University 1977
3 College of Fisheries Panangad, Kerala Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies 1979
4 College of Fisheries Rangailunda, Orissa Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology nineteen eighty one
5 College of Fisheries Ratnagiri, Maharashtra Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth nineteen eighty one
6 College of Fishery Science Pantnagar, Uttaranchal GB. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology 1985
7 College of Fisheries Dholi, Bihar Rajendra Agricultural university 1986
8 College of Fisheries Raha, Assam Assam Agricultural University 1988
9 College of Fisheries Veraval, Gujarat Gujarat Agricultural University 1991
10 College of Fishery Science Muthukur, Andhra Pradesh Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University 1992
11 Faculty of Fishery Sciences Kolkata, West Bengal West Bengal University Animal and Fishery Sciences 1995
12 College of Fisheries Lembucherra, Tripura Central Agricultural University 1998
13 College of Fisheries Udaipur, Rajasthan Maharana pratap University of Agriculture and Technology 2003
14 College of Fisheries Srinagar, Kashmir SK University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology 2005
15 College of Fishery Science Nagpur, Maharashtra Maharashtra Animal & Fishery Sciences University 2007
16 College of Fisheries Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh Narendra Deva University of Agriculture and Technology 2007
17 College of Fisheries Udgir, Maharashtra Maharashtra Animal & Fishery Sciences University 2007
18 College of Fisheries Ludhiana, Punjab Angad Dev Guru Veterinary & Animal Sciences University 2009
19 College of Fisheries Kawardha, Chhattisgarh Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya 2010
20 College of Fishery Science Jabalpur , Madhya Pradesh Nanaji Deshmukh Veterinary Science University 2012
21 Fisheries College and Research Institute Ponneri , Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Fisheries University 2013
22 College of Fisheries Science and Research Etawah , Uttar Pradesh Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology 2015

Opportunities for Fisheries Graduates

State Government

Fisheries Assistant Officer, Fisheries Assistant Officer (AFDO) / Fisheries Extension Officer (FEO), Fisheries Development Officer (AFDO), Fisheries Development Officer (AFDO) Officer (FDO). In State Fisheries Development Corporations, they can apply for the position of Deputy Managers, Managers, Project Officers and Fisheries Officers. In Fish Farmers Development Agency (FFDA) and Brackish Water Farmers Development Agency (BFDA), they can apply for the post of Executive Officers in respective states. Eligibility criteria vary for each state and may be known from respective public service commissions.

Central Government

United States Department of Fisheries and Oceans, United States Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Coastal Aquaculture Authority of India (CAA) National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), India National Center for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), Hyderabad, etc.

Academic Institutes

Candidates having degree (BFSc) can apply for the post of Instructor, Research Assistant, Biochemist, Biologist, Technicians, etc. in some universities. Candidates having postgraduate degree ( MFSc ) can apply for the post of Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Fisheries. For the Recruitment and Scientists Recruitment Board (ASRB) Under the ICAR, Agricultural Scientist Recruitment Board (ASRB) conducts an All India Competitive Exam, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) followed by viva voce.

Nationalized Banks

Fisheries graduates can get jobs as an Assistant Development Officer in NABARD, Rural Development Officer, Field Officer, Managers in agriculture.

Private Sector

Candidates can work as a manager or in seafood processing and export

Scope in Fish Processing sector

The fish processing industry is well developed in the country. There are about 236 EU approved processing plants and 33 exclusive cold storage facilities (storing fish and fishery products only) are available. In addition to this, 215 ice plants, 481 shrimp peeling plants, 371 freezing plants, 495 cold storage units, 7 canning plants, 16 fish meal plants, 11 surimi plants, and one agar-agar production unit are also present. Lot of jobs are available in the above units

Scope in Fish farming and allied sectors

Most of the fish farms employs professional fisheries graduates as Farm In Charge. Apart from this, the fish feed requirement is growing steadily.There are 33 feed mills with an installed capacity of 150,000 tpa. This sector is providing 0.3 million people and about 0.6-0.7 million people.

Self Employment

The technical competency of the professional fisheries graduates make them as successful Aqua Consultants. Most of them are working in this area. As an entrepreneur, candidate can start their own enterprise. The financial support can be obtained through NABARD or through other nationalized banks. Fish farming, fish farming, hatchery and seed production, fish processing and marketing, net making, establishment of agri-clinics for fish disease diagnosis and for testing and supply of farm inputs.

Jobs Abroad

USA, Canada, Australia, Japan, China and in European countries, Gulf and African countries. Several fisheries graduates are doing business in foreign countries in aquaculture field, fish processing export and import.

References

abc http://employmentnews.gov.in/Editorial-36-(ENG).pdf ^ “Fisheries Science” (PDF). Indian Council of Agricultural Research. April 2009.

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