Aquaculture in Papua New Guinea is a developing industry, despite having been first introduced to the country in the 1960s.  The only forms of traditional aquaculture in the area are clam culture on Manus Island and fish culture on Bougainville Island .  Numerous attempts to introduce both marine and freshwater aquaculture in Papua New Guinea have been unsuccessful.  Currently, the main freshwater facility for aquaculture is the Highlands Aquaculture Development Center in Aiyura . 
- Jump up^ Paul T. Smith, ed. (2007). Aquaculture in Papua New Guinea: Status of freshwater fish farming . Canberra : Australian Center for International Agricultural Research .
- ^ Jump up to:a b David Coates (September 1989). Review of Aquaculture and Freshwater Fisheries in Papua New Guinea . Food and Agriculture Organization.
- Jump up^ Ben Ponia; Augustine Mobiha (April-June 2002). “Aquaculture in Papua New Guinea” (PDF) . SPC Fisheries Newsletter (101): 18.