Aquaculture in Kiribati is sponsored by the country’s Ministry of Natural Resource Development.  Black pearls have been cultivated by way of longlines holding up to 5000 oysters each.  Seaweed and milkfish cultivation also play key roles in Kiribati’s economy . 
- Jump up^ “Ministry of Natural Resource Development (MNRD), Fisheries Division” . Secretariat of the Pacific Community . Archived from the original on May 9, 2008 . Retrieved 2009-05-01 .
- Jump up^ “Papua New Guinea and the Pacific” (PDF) . Australian Center for International Agricultural Research . Archived from the original (PDF) on December 3, 2008 . Retrieved 2009-05-01 .
- Jump up^ Andrew John East (2008). A future in the past: urban agroforestry systems in future planned urban settlements in Kiribati, a Pacific case study (PDF) . Queensland University of Technology . p. 8.