Indonesia produced 490000 tons of shrimp in 2004, which was 8% of the world production for the year.  In 1999, 507,513 ha of Indonesia were occupied by aquaculture, 60% of which being bracketed water , 28% being integrated rice – fish farming , and 12% being freshwater ponds. 
Inland waters include rivers , lakes , swamps , reservoirs or dams, fields and ponds .  Aquaculture can be divided into two types namely brackish water and freshwater fisheries.  Indonesian brackish water fisheries in the north coast of Java do a lot, the east coast of Aceh , Riau , North Sumatra and South Sumatra . 
- Jump up^ PingSun Leung; Carole Ruth Engle (2006). Shrimp Culture: Economics, Market, and Trade . Wiley-Blackwell . p. 5. ISBN 0-8138-2655-1 .
- Jump up^ J. Kooiman (2005). Fish for Life: Interactive Governance for Fisheries . Amsterdam University Press . p. 94. ISBN 90-5356-686-4 .
- ^ Jump up to:a b c Ahmad Yani.2007.Geografi. Jakarta Grafindo.112