Aquaculture in Chile

Aquaculture is a major economic activity in Chile . Among the various aquacultures practiced in Chile Atlantic salmon aquaculture is overwhelmingly the largest sector. Until 2007 Chile experienced over 15 years in huge growth in its salmon aquaculture, becoming the second largest salmon and trout producer after Norway . [1] [2] By 2006 Chile contributed with 38% of the world’s salmon volume just behind Norway that produced 39% of it. [1] In 2006, Chilean Aquaculture was the third largest producer, accounting for 3.9% of Chilean exports behind copper and molybdenum .[1]

Apart from salmon and trout, Chilean aquaculture aussi Produces turbot and molluscs , In Particular Mytilus platensis (still Often Referred to as Mytilus chilensis ), Northern scallops , Pacific oysters , aulacomya ater (a giant mussel), red abalone , and Chilean oysters . [1] In terms of algae Gracillaria chilensis is cultivated and harvested. [1] The main areas of aquaculture in Chile lie in the southern half of the country in the interior waters of Los Lagos Regionand to a lesser extent the fjords and channels of more southern Aysén and Magallanes regions. [1]

Aquaculture in Chile is regulated by the 1989 Fisheries and Aquaculture Law, and concessions on waterbodies and other state property for the establishment of aquacultures are granted by the Ministry of Defense . [3]

Chilean salmon crisis

The industry has suffered a severe recession since the sudden appearance and outbreak of infectious salmon anemia in 2007 coupled with the late-2000s financial crisis . Chilean salmon executive has been labeled “the perfect storm” by Chilean salmon executive. who? [4] Atlantic salmon production in Chile has fallen from 400,000 to 100,000 tonnes from 2005 to 2010. [5] As of 2009 a salmon executive is expected to return to the 2007 levels within four years. [2]

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:f The fishery and aquaculture Sectors in Chile
  2. ^ Jump up to:b Dying assets , The Economist .
  3. Jump up^ National Aquaculture Legislation Overview: Chile. FAO
  4. Jump up^ Virus, crisis: Perfect storm hits
  5. Jump up^ The Salmon Disease Crisis in Chile, Britannica.

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