Hirudiculture is the culture, or farming , of leeches in both natural and artificial environments. This practice drew the attention of Parisian scientists and members of the French Zoological Acclimitation Society in the mid-to-late 19th century as a part of a larger interest in the culture of fish and oysters .  Leech culture was seen as a solution for growing demand for medicinal leeches throughout the world.
The use of leeches for medicinal purposes, or hirudotherapy , has been revived by contemporary medicine. 
- fish farming
- Jump up^ Jourdier Auguste,Fish farming and the production of leeches. (Bookstore of L. Hachette and Cie Paris), 1856
- Jump up^ FDA Approves leeches as medical devices- MSNBC